The alphabetical list comes from the U.S. Department of Labor's High Growth Job Training Initiative.
For help finding the right degree and school:
Innovation is the key here. Manufacturers need skilled workers with the ability to create new products and services that allow companies to compete globally. Here's the breakdown of the skills needed:
- Technical, including production, process design and development, maintenance, installation, and repair
- Strong computer skills
- Ability to read and translate diagrams and flow charts
- Strong supervisory and managerial skills
2. AerospaceThe aerospace industry includes companies that produce aircraft, guided missiles, space vehicles, aircraft engines, propulsion units, and related parts. Aircraft overhaul, rebuilding, and parts are also included. The aerospace workforce is aging, and lots of jobs in this sector are expected to open up.
Students interested in aerospace need to be able to keep up with the rapid technological advancements in this industry. Many companies provide on-site, job-related training to upgrade the skills of technicians, production workers, and engineers. Some provide computer and blueprint reading classes, and some offer tuition reimbursement for colleges expenses.
Many jobs in this area require an apprenticeship, especially for machinists and electricians. Most employers prefer to hire workers with a minimum of a two-year degree. Creativity is a definite plus.
3. AutomotiveAccording to the U.S. Department of Labor, changes in economic conditions generally have minor effects on the automotive service and repair business. The department also reports that the industry is striving to increase its diversity of workers as far as race, gender, and language. The automotive industry has become increasingly sophisticated. Service technician and mechanic jobs usually require a formal training program. Courses in automotive repair, electronics, physics, chemistry, English, computers, and mathematics provide a good educational background for a career as a service technician, according to the DOL.
"For science technician jobs in the pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing industry, most companies prefer to hire graduates of technical institutes or junior colleges or those who have completed college courses in chemistry, biology, mathematics or engineering. Some companies, however, require science technicians to hold a bachelor's degree in a biological or chemical science."
"Because biotechnology is not one discipline, but the interaction of several disciplines, the best preparation for work in biotechnology is training in a traditional biological science, such as genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, virology, or biochemical engineering."
5. ConstructionThe construction industry expects an increased need for electricians, carpenters, and construction managers. Many construction jobs involve apprenticeships. The following skills will give you the best chance of landing the job you want:
- Mechanical drawing
- Several years of informal on-the-job training
6. EnergyThe energy industry includes natural gas, petroleum, electricity, oil and gas extraction, coal mining, and utilities. There are a variety of education requirements in this industry. Jobs as engineering technicians require a minimum of a two-year degree in engineering technology. Geologists, geophysicists, and petroleum engineers must have a bachelor's degree. Many companies prefer masters degrees, and some may require a Ph.D. for workers involved in petroleum research.
All levels require skills in computers, math, and science.
An emphasis in sciences is important for careers in photogrammetry (the science of making measurements from photographs), remote sensing, and geographic information systems (GIS).
9. Health CareMost health care jobs require training that leads to a vocational license, certificate, or degree. The industry is so expansive that a brief paragraph here is impossible. CareerOneStop.org created a health care industry competency model that may be helpful in determining necessary education.
We also have some help here at About Continuing Ed.: Health Care Career Choices