The Hero's Journey: Intro
The Archetypes of the Hero's Journey
The Ordinary World
The Call to Adventure and the Refusal of the Call
Meeting with the Mentor
Crossing the First Threshold and Tests, Enemies and Rivals
Approach to the Inmost Cave
The RewardOur hero has cheated death during the ordeal in the inmost cave and has seized the sword! The much sought-after prize is his.
The prize can be an actual object, like, say, a holy grail, or it can mean the knowledge and experience that leads to greater understanding and reconciliation, according to Christopher Vogler, author of "The Writer's Journey: Mythic Structure."
Sometimes, Vogler says, the reward is love.
Seizing the sword may be a moment of clarity for the hero when he sees through a deception. After having cheated death, he may find he has special powers of clairvoyance or intuition, experience profound self-realization, or have an epiphany, a moment of divine recognition, Vogler writes.
We all know that cheating death will have consequences for our hero, but first, the action pauses and the hero and his gang celebrate. The reader is given a break, and is allowed to become more acquainted with the characters while life is relaxed.
In the "Wizard of Oz," Dorothy wins the burned broomstick she has been challenged to steal. She returns to Oz to seize her next reward, her trip home. The Wizard balks, and Toto (Dorothy’s intuition) reveals the little man behind the curtain. This is the hero's moment of insight.
The Wizard finally gives Dorothy’s friends their own elixirs, which represent the meaningless gifts we give each other, Vogler says. Those who have not survived death can take the elixir all day long and it won’t make a difference. The true, all-healing elixir is the achievement of inner change.
The Wizard tells Dorothy that only she can grant herself the self-acceptance to get home, to be happy inside herself wherever she is.
The Road BackWith the hero armed with the reward, we move into Act Three. Here, the hero decides whether to stay in the Special World or go back to the Ordinary World.
The energy or the story is revved back up, Vogler says. The hero's passion for the adventure is renewed.
However, all is not necessarily well. If the hero has not resolved the issue with the conquered villain, the shadow, it comes after him with a vengeance.
The hero runs for his life, fearing the magic is gone.
The psychological meaning of such counterattacks, Vogler says, is that neuroses, flaws, habits, desires, or addictions we have challenged may retreat for a time, but can rebound in a last-ditch defense or a desperate attack before being vanquished forever.
This is when expendable friends come in handy, according to Vogler, often killed by the avenging force.
Transformation is an important aspect of chases and escapes, he says. The hero attempts to stall the opposition in any way possible.
A twist on the road back may be a sudden catastrophic reversal of the hero’s good fortune. For a moment, after great risk, effort, and sacrifice, it looks like all is lost.
Every story, Vogler writes, needs a moment to acknowledge the hero’s resolve to finish, to return home with the elixir despite the trials that remain. This is when the hero finds that old familiar ways are no longer effective. He gathers up what he has learned, stolen, or been granted and sets a new goal.
But there is one final test on the journey, Vogler teaches.
The Wizard has prepared a hot-air balloon to take Dorothy back to Kansas. Toto runs. Dorothy runs after him and is left behind in the Special World. Her instincts tell her she can’t return in the usual manner, but she’s ready to find a new way.